General information on Hyperkeratosis
Hyperkeratosis, also known as nasal callus, is a disease in which the skin of the nose becomes dried out, thick, hornlike, and callused. The callused nose can crack and split which can then cause irritation and become infected. Hyperkeratosis typically occurs in older dogs as opposed to young dogs and puppies. The cause of hyperkeratosis is unknown. However, what is known is that hyperkeratosis can develop due to zinc-responsive dermatosis and a few other skin conditions.
Symptoms of Hyperkeratosis
Some of the symptoms of hyperkeratosis may be:Dried out nose, Thickening of the skin of the nose, Hornlike nose, Callused nose, Crack or splitting of the callused nose, Irritation of the nose, and Infection of the nose.
Treatments for Hyperkeratosis
The treatment for hyperkeratosis is aimed at trying to soften the skin of the callused nose. This can be done by using wet or moistened dressings and keeping the nose lubricated. Mineral oil, petroleum jelly, and aloe are different moisturizers that can be used to lubricate the nose. Should an infection develop as a result of the hyperkeratosis, topical antibiotics may be prescribed by a veterinarian. There is no official cure for hyperkeratosis.