The Mountain Cur is bred for its working ability.It is a stocky, rugged, working dog with a genuine, though somewhat generic, curappearance. The heavy coat tends to be longer than that of the hounds but stillbasically short. It is smooth or rough with a soft fine undercoat. Colorsinclude, yellow, brindle, black, brindle & black, often with white points.Breeders proudly report that 50% or more of puppies are born with bob-tails.Many are born with dew-claws on their hind feet and some with two on each foot.Very stocky, wide, and muscular with a strong wide head and the short, higherset ear. The neck is strong and muscular. The eyes are usually dark with aprominent, expressive expression. The head is dome flat and wide between theeyes. The muzzle is heavy. The ears are short to medium, set high with control.The cat like feet are strong and well-muscled, set for speed. The straight legsare muscular. The chest is deep and the back is straight.
This is not a submissive, easygoing dog. With thetoughness and courage to confront a very angry, very large cat, these curs havelearned to be decisive and dauntless. Usually silent on the trail, they makeconsistent guard dogs but certainly are not ideal for suburbia, where there isno call to work. Trailing ability varies with strains, but they have enough noseto follow game and many carry treeing ability. Some lines are bred for tree dogsand others for baying. This very tough large game, raccoon, and squirrel hunteris willing to face a squealing razor back or an angry wild cat when it iscornered. They have a strong desire to please their master. Very protective ofthe property and family; and without an owner who is more dominant than themselves they can become over-protective. The Mountain Cur isnoted for his courage. This hunting dog will catch a mad bull head- on in thenose and will hold his ground even against a bear when threatened. The objective in training this dog is to achieve a pack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have an order in their pack. When we humans live with dogs, we become their pack. The entire pack cooperatesunder a single leader. Lines are clearly defined and rules are set. Because a dog communicates his displeasure with growling and eventually biting, all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. The humans must be the ones making the decisions, not the dogs. That is the only way your relationship with your dog can be a complete success.
18-26 inches (46-66 cm.)
30-60 pounds (16-29 kg.)
The Oringial Mountain Cur is not recommended for apartmentlife. They are bred for work and will be happiest with a job to do.
The Original Mountain Cur is a very active working dogwhich needs a lot of daily exercise. When they are not hunting, they need to be taken on a daily, long, brisk walk or jog. While out on the walk the dog must be made to heel beside or behind the person holding the lead, as in a dog's mind the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human. In addition, they will benefit from a large safe area where they can run free. This breed enjoys outdoor activities andsports.
The short hair of the Original Mountain Cur is easy togroom. Occasionally comb and brush to remove dead and loose hair. Bathe onlywhen necessary as bathing can dry out the skin - causing skin problems. Keep theear cannel free of excess hair and the toenails clipped.
Many terrier-type Curs were brought over withimmigrants from Europe to America and mated with the native curs. Thisuncertain, rather sordid combination of canine produced an off-beat Cur able toadjust to the ways of life of the pioneers and the Indians. This historic OhioRiver Valley prowler is believed to possess a whiff of the Indian Cur's geneticsmoke, in addition to the influence of hounds and herders. He is used mainly asa tree or bay dog, but many are superb trailers as well. They originated at thetime the United States was new and were particularly common in the Ohio RiverValley. As frontiersmen and their entire families moved to open the West, theirCur Dogs accompanied them. Those that favor this breed say that besides theherding dog trait, there is a dash of "Indian Cur" (a parish type dog)in their makeup. Although called "mountain" because of theirparticular advantage to settlers in wooded, wild areas, they did just as well inswampy or dry areas, or other places with harsh living conditions. The book"Old Yeller" - about a boy growing up in frontier Texas and a dog forwhich the book is named, is a typical Mountain Cur (unlike the movie, whichstarred a dog of Lab type). In the book, Old Yeller is a short-haired, yellowbobtailed dog that hunts and trees, isn't afraid to fight a full-grown bear whenit is threatened, and naturally goes for the nose when he faces a mad bull. Theauthor is very explicit in describing this old-fashioned breed and its use tothe pioneer. The name "Mountain Cur" is never mentioned in the book,however in those days, the breed really didn't have a name or an individualidentity. The Mountain Cur dogs are slowly being sorted into individual types.The Treeing Tennessee Brindle, Stephens Stock, and the Mountain View Cur use toall be the same breed, but these have achieved enough individual identity tojustify their own registering groups. By the end of the last war, therewere very few of these old time Mountain Curs left. A few die-hard ownersstill maintained some stock in isolated swamps and remote mountain regions ofthe southeast. They are the oldest recognized cur breed and are enjoying aresent rebirth, similar to the other Cur breeds. The Original Mountain CurBreeders Association has registered the breed since the late 50’s. The Cur dog was the first true, distinct, American purebred. Earliest lines can be traced all over the Southern United States, particularly near the Appalachian Mountains. Settlers brought European dogs along with them, primarily hunting Hounds and Terriers. These dogs were crossed with native dogs, most notable of which was the Indian Cur, and this unique type came to existence. Hounds brought excellent scenting ability, and a loud, clear bay (although most Curs are known for their chop, and Hounds have a distinct bawl). Terrier blood added grit and tenacity no other type of dog could compare. Both the Hound and the Terrier are still to this day unmatched in quality compared to other dogs. While not considered a true Shepherd type, the Cur also shared Shepherd ancestry--early Beauceron on, in particular. Though not a traditional herder, the Cur was used for rounding up rough stock. Texas Longhorn Cattle and feral pigs were what this dog had to handle--not regular cattle or sheep.
The modern Cur is still a traditional hunting dog. Seen still almost exclusively in the South, this farm dog is second to none. It can handle anything from squirrels and raccoons to bears, boar, and bulls. Also, it is a first-class treeing dog. They are also above-average trackers; although they are not as efficient as the Coonhound nor are they vocal on trail. Curs are also highly possessive and protective of their family--a trait seen in Terriers and often Shepherds, but certainly not Hounds. Therefore, they make excellent protection dogs. However, it is necessary to note that this breed is generally inappropriate as a pet. Although friendly and loyal, like most hunting dogs the Mountain Cur’s true nature is in the hunt, not in the home. Many people introduce other breeds into the Mountain Cur; however, with the exception of the Hound’s fine nose, this is not necessary as a good Cur should have all the right hunting dog traits. It has found recognition within its own registry, the OMCBA, or Original Mountain Cur Breeder’s Association, and the United Kennel Club.
OMCBA, UKC, KSBA, DRA