The Caucasian Ovcharkahas moderate deep-set, dark eyes. The ears are densely covered with hairfor insulation. The hips are slightly raised from the line of theback. The tail is profusely covered with a long feathering of heavyhair. The forelimbs are long, straight, and densely boned. The pawsare large and heavy, with hair between the toes, providing excellent insulationand protection. The nose is black and prominent with well opened, largenostrils. The thick, dense, weather-resistant coat has profuse feathering and isespecially effective at keeping out the cold. Puppy coats are finer thenadult coats. Colors vary from gray, fawn, tan, pied, brindle andwhite. The FCI prohibits brown dogs. In its native country the CaucasianOvtcharka's ears are cropped short.
The Caucasian Ovcharka'soriginal purpose was to protect livestock. The typical CaucasianOvtcharka is assertive, strong-willed, and courageous. Unless properlysocialized and trained, the Caucasian Ovcharka may exhibit ferocious andunmanageable tendencies. It isvery brave, alert, strong and hardy. It does not accept people it does not knowand it has a powerful urge to defend. Everything and everyone who belongsto the family, including children, cats, other dogs, etc, will be regarded bythis dog as part of "its" family and will be respected andprotected. This dog should not be left alone with children, because ifplay becomes too rough, the CaucasianOvtcharka my feel the need to protect your child, and may do it extensively. It has no time for strangers, but it will greet family friends warmly. Itcan be rather dominant towards other dogs it does not know. SomeGerman fanciers employ the dogs as foremost guardians and deterrents. This isnot a dog for everyone. It requires an owner who knows how to display strongleadership and who is willing to spend a lot of time socializing andtraining. The objective in training this dog is to achieve a pack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have an order in their pack. When we humans live with dogs, we become their pack. The entire pack cooperatesunder a single leader. Lines are clearly defined and rules are set. Because a dog communicates his displeasure with growling and eventually biting, all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. The humans must be the ones making the decisions, not the dogs. That is the only way your relationship with your dog can be a complete success.
25-28 inches (64-72 cm.)
99-154 pounds (45-70 kg.)
The Caucasian Ovcharka is notrecommended for apartment life. They need space and will do best with atleast a large yard. Because its thick coat protects it so well, itcan happily cope with living out-doors provided it has proper shelter.
This breed of dog is best suited to a family with lotsof space surrounding the home where it can safely run free in an open area. When not working as a livestock guard, they should be taken for a daily, long walk where the dog is made to heel. They should never be allowed to walk out in front of the person holding the lead, as in a dog's mind the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human.
About 10-11 years
There are two coat varieties: short and long. The coatof the long-haired variety requires frequent brushings, paying special attentionto the spots where tangles may occur. The short-haired variety needs lessgrooming, but should still be combed and brushed.
The Caucasian Ovcharka is a flockguardian developed from pre-historic molosser breeds in Caucasus by localherders. Caucasians are used to protect sheep from predators andthieves. These dogs always attract everybody’s attention due tooutstanding working qualities and striking appearance. The lack oforganized kennel clubs and written standards partly explains why the CaucasianOvtcharka varied in type from country to country and even from locale tolocale. For centuries, flocks of sheep have existed inCaucasia, the mountainous land mass between the Black and Caspian seas andneighboring Turkey and Iran. Dogs similar to this superb guardianhave protected these sheep from both humans and animal predators for atleast 600 years. The Caucasian Ovcharka is most popular in Russia."Ovtcharka" means "sheepdog" in Russian. In Russia andother parts of the former Soviet Union, it is commonly shown at dog shows. In Hungary, Poland and the Czech and Slovak Republics, extensive breedingprograms are ensuring that it remains a popular dog, even though its originaluse as a sheep guardian is declining. The CaucasianOvtcharka arrived in East Germany in the late 1960's to serve as a border patroldog, especially along the Berlin Wall. In 1989, when the Wall came down,the 7,000-strong band of patrol dogs was dispersed . Many of these dogswere given new homes with families throughout Germany. Careful breeding inGermany safeguards the future of this cautious and independent dog. It islikely that as its popularity increases, breeders will selectively breed outsome of the most fierce protective personalities.
FCI, NKC, CKC, APRI, ACR, DRA, NAPR